How to download files with Download Station on Synology NAS
Your Synology NAS has a built-in file downloading application which is designed to simplify your download tasks and make them easier to manage. Download Station can organize different types of downloads and let you monitor them in a single window, saving you huge amounts of time and energy. Using your Synology NAS to download files is also less power-consuming and more eco-friendly than using a computer. Especially when you have to leave your rig on for a couple of days to download a huge file!
Your Synology NAS is capable of downloading files from BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB/eMule. This article will guide you through the steps to download files with Download Station on your Synology NAS server.
- Before you start
- Starting up Download Station
- Download files using BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB
- Download files using the RSS feed
- Download files using eMule
This article assumes that you have done the following tasks for your DiskStation:
- Installed all Synology DiskStation hardware.
- Installed Synology DiskStation Manager (DSM, web-based operating system of DiskStation).
- Created volumes and shared folders (See here).
- Created users with access privileges (See here).
- Installed Download Station package from the Package Center.
Refer to Quick Installation Guide for more information about hardware and software installation. You can also see Synology DiskStation User's Guide (available at Synology's Download Center) for a general idea about topics related to this article and how to setup port forwarding for connecting to the internet.
This section will explain how to setup your Download Station for the first time.
- Open up your start menu and select Download Station.
- You will be prompted to enter a destination for your downloaded files. Press OK to continue.
- Select a destination folder or create a new one for your future downloads. You can change the location anytime afterwards. Press Select after you have finished choosing a folder.
- We recommend you to go to the Settings menu first to configure your download preferences, such as download/upload limits, download/upload schedules, connection numbers etc. Please refer to the online DSM Help or the User's Guide for detailed information.
By using Download Station to download files, it will automatically detect the protocol your download link is using, and start the download for you. This section will explain how to download files using BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB protocols with your Download Station. Although the protocols are different, the basic idea is the same.
BitTorrent (BT) is a peer-to-peer file sharing protocol used for distributing data over the internet. It is one of the most common protocols for transferring large files. To share a file or group of files, a small file containing the metadata and the tracker of the original files (called “torrent”) is created. Users can download “torrent” files and open them with specific software and connect to other users to start file downloads.
What is NZB?
NZB is an XML-based file format for retrieving posts from Usenet servers. The file includes information that your newsreader can use to start downloading. You need to join a newsgroup before you can start downloading files on Usenet.
There are several ways you can download files. You can either:
- Create a new download task by uploading a torrent file, a nzb file or a txt file containing a list of URL download links from your computer.
- Add a new download task by entering URL download links.
- Search for a certain file using the built-in torrent search engine.
- Automatically download files by setting up a watched folder to monitor torrent/nzb files that go into the folder.
Create a new download task by uploading a torrent/nzb/txt file
You can create download tasks by uploading the following files from your local computer to Download Station.
- Torrent (*.torrent) files.
- NZB (*.nzb) files.
- Text (*.txt) files containing a list of HTTP/FTP links for downloads.
- Select Create from the top menu.
- Choose the files you want to upload from your computer by pressing Browse. You can select multiple files in a folder by holding down Control on your keyboard and click on separate files. After you are finished, choose your destination folder and press Create, and the tasks will automatically start.
- You can upload up to 50 files at a time.
- Different URL links in a single text file should be separated by paragraphs.
- You could also drag the files into the Download Station window to upload files.
Create a new download task by entering URLs
You can create download tasks by entering URLs for the download links.
- Select Add from the top menu.
- Enter the download links in the Enter URL box. If it's a file hosting site and requires authentication, simply check the Authentication required box and enter your username and password. You can also change the destination folder for the downloaded files. After you have finished, press Create and the download tasks will start.
- You can enter up to 50 URLs at a time.
- Different URL links should be separated by paragraphs.
- If you want to download a FTP folder, enter the FTP URL link with the forward slash “/” at the end of the link, and all of the files and sub directories in the folder will be downloaded.
Search for a certain file by using the built-in torrent search engine
If you don't have any sources but still want to download files, you can use the built-in torrent search engine that Download Station provides.
- Type in the search keyword in the search box at the top-left corner and press Enter.
- Search Results will then be displayed automatically. You can also use the filter box at the top-right corner to narrow down your search results.
- Double click the preferred file to start downloading the file.
Automatically download files by setting up a Torrent/NZB watched folder
You can setup a folder to store your torrent/nzb files, and Download Station will automatically detect the files and start download tasks.
- Go to the Settings menu.
- Choose the Location tab.
- Check Load torrent/NZB files(s) from watched folder automatically, and click Select to choose a folder. You could also have the system delete loaded torrent/NZB files for you. Press OK to save settings.
- Any torrent/NZB files stored in the folder will be automatically loaded into Download Station and start downloading files.
You can edit your download tasks at any time during the download by clicking the Edit button on the top menu, and alter different options such as Destination folder, criteria for stopping task, maximum upload/download speed, Priority and maximum peers allowed for this task.
Do you listen to podcasts? You can use Download Station to download RSS feeds that links to files instead of web pages, such as your favorite audio broadcasts.
Really Simple Syndication (RSS) is a type of web feed format used to publish frequently updated works – such as blog entries, news headlines, audio clips, video clips – in a standardized format. The RSS files on the website of file search engines or iTunes podcasts are generally supported by Download Station. Other RSS feeds should be accessed through the use of RSS readers.
- Select RSS Feeds in the left-side menu, and click on Add from the top menu.
- Enter the RSS URL in the text box. You can also download all items right now by checking the Automatically download all items box. Press OK to continue.
- Download Station will load all the feeds listed in the RSS feeds window below. Select the items you want to download, and select the Download button. The downloads will start and be added to your All Downloads menu.
Apart from using BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB, you can use eMule to download files. This section will guide you through the process of setting up eMule and how to download files with it.
eMule is a free peer-to-peer file sharing application which connects to both the eD2k network and the Kad network. Although the transfer speed is usually slow, eMule has a very large user base, and an even larger file sharing base which makes it excellent for finding rare content.
Setting up eMule for the first time
- Click on the gear icon in the lower-left corner.
- Check Enable eMule downloads and select a temporary location for storing unfinished downloaded files. Click OK to continue.
- A new eMule tab will appear beside BT/HTTP/FTP/NZB. Click on the tab to open the eMule function.
- Just like starting up Download Station for the first time, you will need to assign a destination folder for eMule as well. A prompt window will pop up and ask you to select a default destination folder for storing your downloaded files.
Unlike torrents which only share the files you are downloading, you can setup shared folders for eMule to detect and share your other files. The more you share, the smoother your downloads will be. Press OK when you have chosen your destination folder and shared folders.
- Now we need to connect to a server in order to start searching and download files. Choose Connection – Server/Kad from the left side menu, and you will see a list of eD2k servers. Select a server and double-click on it to connect.
You will connect to the Kad server shortly after you have successfully connected to a server. A good rule of thumb is connecting to a server with many users and many files.
Search for a certain file to download
- Select Search Results from the left side menu.
- Choose where you want to conduct your search from the top drop-down menu. The default is Local server. We recommend using Kad server for better results.
- Select a specific file type you want to search. Default is Any.
- Type in your search keywords in the search box at the top-left corner and press enter or click on the search button next to the server drop-down menu.
- Select the file you want and double click it to begin your download. You can also select more than one file and click Download selected file(s) to download multiple files at once. Your files will be sent to Download Queue and start downloading.
Upload ed2k URLs
- Select Download Queue from the left side menu, and click on the Create button from the top menu.
- You can enter eD2k URLs in the Enter URL box, or open a text file which contains eD2k URLs to start downloads. After you have finished, click Create to start downloading.
- You can enter up to 50 URL links at a time.
- Different URL links should be separated by paragraphs.
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